¿Es Eritrea la Corea del Norte africana?

Eso es lo que se preguntan sobre Eritrea en un reportaje en Der Spiegel que firma Bartholomäus Grill. El pequeño país africano, uno de los más pobres del mundo, es hoy en día un territorio militarizado, en permanente tensión guerrera con la vecina Etiopía -deseosa de ganar de nuevo acceso al mar Rojo- y en el que se denuncian violaciones permanentes de los derechos humanos y el hecho de que casi un diez por ciento de su población esté refugiada en el extranjero.

“Eritrea is one of the world’s poorest countries, a small agricultural nation on the Horn of Africa, isolated, at odds with its neighbors and lacking the support of its old allies. The regime only has good relations with China, Cuba and a few Arab countries, as well as with Canadian and Australian companies that mine mineral resources like potash, zinc and silver. The country’s most important sources of hard currency are mining and the 2 percent “development tax” that overseas Eritreans must pay for their return remittances, amounting to about $1 billion a year.”

Sin embargo, el reportaje se pregunta sobre la realidad política de Eritrea y si el ambiente interno es en realidad tan terrible como en ocasiones se pinta desde fuera:

“So is the government oppression not so bad, after all? “No, it definitely is not,” says a diplomat who has lived in Asmara for years. “Total control of the population? Enslavement? I must have missed something.” In an internal analysis SPIEGEL has obtained, EU ambassadors accuse the UN Human Rights Council of drawing an “imbalanced picture” of the situation. For instance, they argue, the UN report’s authors provide no proof of when, where and by whom crimes were committed.”

“¿Como Corea del Norte? No, somos más como Cuba”, dice uno de los testimonios del artículo, que podéis leer completo en Spiegel Online.